- November 18: Louis Daguerre was born in France in 1789. His invention, eponymously called the daguerreotype, changed photography because he created a method of photography in which the image did not fade. The Library of Congress (Library) contains numerous examples of Daguerre’s work and a Collection Connection called America’s First Look into the Camera: Daguerreotype Portraits and Views, 1839-1862 at http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/connections/daguerreotype/index.html.
- Columbus discovered Puerto Rico on November 19, 1493. Two maps relevant to that discovery can be found in the Exploring the Early Americas exhibition at http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/exploring-the-early-americas/columbus-and-the-taino.html . 1492: An Ongoing Voyage is another exhibition about Columbus and other early explorers; it can be found at http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/1492/ .
- On November 20, 1945, the Nuremberg War Crime Trials began with charges levied against 24 former leaders of Nazi Germany. There are photos and other records of this trial on the Library’s site, including this book: Final report to the Secretary of the Army on the Nuernberg War Crimes Trials under Control Council Law no. 10, at this link http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/pdf/NT_final-report.pdf .
- Vasco de Gama was the first navigator to sail around the Cape of Good Hope on November 22, 1497. An artist’s rendition of De Gama’s ship can be found at http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/portam/portcap.html , and there are several other such pictures on the Library’s site.
- Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of Species was first published on November 24, 1859. All of his works can be accessed through a Library link at http://lccn.loc.gov/2007540085 which will lead to this link: http://darwin-online.org.uk.